Features That Ensures Safety in Cars
A car is expected to have some features to enhance the safety of people which could be its owner, driver or passengers. These safety features reduce the risk to theft, accident, which could be fire or road accident. It can also reduce the fatality of accident when it occurs. Some important features include the seat belts, auto emergency braking, antilock braking system, brake assist system, fog lamps, airbags, daytime running light, pre-cash safety system, adjustable steering column, head restraints, reversing camera, lane keeping assist among others. The key ones are discussed in the following paragraphs.
1. Seat Belts
A car seat belt can also be called the safety belt which is used to ensure the safety of the occupants of a car. The seat belt holds the occupant firmly to the car seat which will resist the colliding of the occupant with the interior part of the car, the throwing out of the occupant from the car when accidents occur or when the car stops without prior notice. Death, serious injuries are maximized with accurate use of seat belts. Other Safety seat belts are seatbelt pretensioner driver, seatbelt pretensioner passenger,seatbelt rear 3 point. The seatbelt pretentionsers helps in the tightening of the seatbelt.
2. Autonomous Emergency Braking
This safety measure helps to slow down the car when it is in danger. AEB works with or without the driver’s knowledge or application. It is also used to reduce the impact of a collision when the brake of the car fails, when the application of the brake is late or when it cannot stop the car from colliding. Also, the speed of the car can be reduced with the AEB. This system is autonomous because it works without being governed by the driver and it applied brakes in critical period to avoid accidents.
3. Anti-lock Braking System (ABS)
ABS allows the wheels of the car to be firm with the road and increase the braking distance during the application of the car brakes. It reduces friction between the wheels and the road surfaces, thereby, ensuring firm control of the car on slippery, sandy or rough surfaces. The wheels are prevented from seizing, rotating or sliding lock on braking with the help of the ABS.
4. Brake Assist System
This system also works in times of emergency by increasing pressure. It works as a detector and a savior before and during collision. Being a detector, the BAS detects whether there is a sudden stoppage of the car from moving by the driver. If there is a sudden need to stop the car and the brakes do not apply adequate pressure to stop the car, BAS comes in as a savior by applying the needed pressure.
There are different and many airbags in a car. They are the front driver airbag, front passenger airbag, side curtain airbag, knee bolster airbag, seat-mounted side airbag, thorax airbags, and the inflatable seatbelt airbag. Airbags are generally known as air bags cushion, available for the drivers and the passengers. They inflates and deflates in front of the driver or passengers to prevent the colliding of the occupants’ head with the steering, thus, preventing head injury during accidents.
6. Adjustable Steering Column
Adjusts the steering wheel to suit what the driver wants. The height of the steering wheel and its distance to the driver are adjusted for safety, comfort and to allow the driver to see over the steering.
7. Pre-cash safety system
This system is a pre-collision system that helps the car to detect impending danger and to slow it down even without the hitting of the pedal by the foot.