The Toyota Corolla (historical and present models)
The Toyota corolla is a line of efficient cars manufactured by Toyota. Commenced in 1966, the corolla succeeded to become the most popular car in the world in 1974 and since then has been one of the bestselling cars. The name corolla is derived from the Toyota crows for sedans which is in accordance with the Toyota naming custom. No producer is better known for building strong, dependable cars than Toyota. Furthermore, the Corolla was the car that made that reputation.
The Corolla is the oldest in Toyota's present stock of Nigerian items, excluding Land Cruiser. Also, Corolla is the most popular car line ever, with more than 30 million Corollas sold around the world.
GENERATIONS OF TOYOTA COROLLA
The first Toyota corolla designing was built with tremendous simplicity. It was introduced in 1966 in Japan. The first Corolla was riding on a 90-inch wheelbase in two-door car, four-door vehicle and two-door wagon body styles. Energy was sent to a four-speed manual transmission and afterward to a strong rear axle by a 60-horsepower, 1.1-liter overhead valve four-cylinder mounted longitudinally in the engine bay. The automatic transmission was not yet invented at that time.
The pioneer Corolla expresses no form of sophistication and it wasn't attractive, however it was simple to the point that there were no parts to break.
Second Generation (1970-1974)
The first Corolla was truly too little and underpowered for users tastes, as okay as it seemed to be. For the 1970 model year, the second Corolla was introduced with a wheelbase extended to 91.9 inches and force originating from a new 1.2-liter version of the OHV four making 73 horsepower.
The 1970 Corolla was a considerably more cozy and secured machine than the 1969 model. An automatic transmission was introduced to complement it. It rapidly turned into the second top rated car on the planet.
In the 1971 model year, there was an improvement on the Corolla as the engine increased to 1.6 liters and the productivity extended to 102 horsepower. The grille was upgraded for the 1972 model year. There were few progressions for 1973 and 1974 models.
Third Generation (1975-1978)
The 1975 Corollas included a raise in the center area in the body framework..Five Corolla models was accessible for 1975.
- A two-door vehicle controlled by a 1.2-liter motor
- A four-door car,
- A two-door hardtop,
- A game arranged SR5 hardtop and
- A five-door station wagon all fueled by the 1.6-liter four.
The standard transmission in all models, aside from the SR5, was a four-speed manual. A five-speed manual was again standard in the SR5 and discretionary in alternate Corollas. A three-speed automatic was additionally available to those who needs it. Outflows measures were severe during the mid-'70s and an exhaust system was incorporated in the '75 Corolla surprisingly. A new Corolla line called the "Liftback" by Toyota was added to the line for 1976, its a three-door hatchback.
Forth generation (1979-1983)
The 1979 Corolla was a more sophisticated and enjoyable car than the ones before it. However, there are some improvements before the end of this generation. The 1979 Corolla was introduced with the tough yet primitive leaf spring rear suspension. The new unibody over that suspension was bigger while the wheelbase was currently 94.5 inches. The corolla was in a square shaped, clean cut way, with stronger and more charming body. The new Corolla was powered by a 75-horsepower, 1.8-liter version of the OHV four with four- and five-speed manual and three-speed automatic transmissions obtainable.
While the 1980 and 1981 Corolla lines followed the 1979 model, in 1982 the automatic transmission was moved up to a four-speed unit an uncommon level of modernity for an economy car of the period. The Corolla for 1983 came with a 1.6-liter overhead cam engine that was both smoother and more intense than the past 1.8. Yet, it was just a taste of what was to come next.
Fifth Generation (1984-1987)
Toyota at last yielded to the developing front-wheel drive convention of the 1980s. The 1984 Corolla was introduced with a front-wheel drive. The front-drive Corolla was as normal as it had been in a back driver design. The same back drive Corolla 1.6-liter, SOHC engine sat transversely in the front-driver's engine bay feeding either a five-speed manual or four-speed automatic transmission. Loop springs held up the back.
In 1985 and 1986, the Corolla lineup did not significantly have any change. At that point in 1987 another front-drive Corolla "FX" car was presented.
Sixth Generation (1988-1992)
With the 1988 upgrade, the back drive Corolla coupe and Liftback were substituted with new front-drive car. The new Corolla was actually fundamentally more sophisticated and efficient than the back drivers they replaced.
The 6th generation more conventionally styled than the ultra-boxy fifth-generation vehicle. The 6th generation Corolla was produced using the same 95.6-inch wheelbase as the fifth, however it was just about an inch more extensive.
There were no upgrade in the 1989 model, the base engine was currently at 102 hp. A passage level standard car was added to the lineup it had all the fundamental Corolla hardware. The coupe were stopped after the 1991 model year.
Seventh Generation (1993-1997)
Fundamentally bigger than the car it substituted, the 1993 Corolla rode on a 97.0-inch wheelbase. Corolla Vehicles were available in standard DX and LE trim, while a front-wheel-drive wagon was offered in DX trim just. All cars rode on a completely autonomous suspension, however DX and LE models profited from an extra stabilizer bar in front.
The 7th generation Corolla vehicle was powered by the same 1.6-liter motor used in the 6th generation car. The LE model was ended for 1996. Furthermore, the front framework got a shading keyed casing and the taillight boards were reconsidered with the DX getting a full-width treatment.
In 1997, a unique CE (Classic Edition) vehicle was introduced and it joined various famous elements. Among the standard goodies were power windows and locks, A/C, force controlling, a four-speaker stereo, manual remote mirrors and uncommon floor mats and outside badging.
Eighth Generation (1998-2002)
The Corolla developed again in its eighth duplication, however there was a reduction in the weight of the car. The mileage was enhanced by 10 percent over the past generation; with the standard five-speed manual, a Corolla could reach 38 on the highway and 31 mpg in the city.
Gear levels were much the same as on the past generation, however the 1998 corolla was introduced with a power steering and double outside mirrors and there were new additional items like side airbags and a CD player. Changes for 1999 were minor.
Ninth Generation (2003-2008)
Just like every other Corolla, the 9th generation was fabricated to reduce the inconveniences in driving. It was cozier, strong, effective, roomy and fabricated to a higher quality than the other ones. Still, we were never charmed with this Corolla given the rising nature of its rival. There are various vehicles that offer proportional space, elements and functions for extensively less cash."
With a wheelbase of 102.4-inch The ninth-generation Corolla was more than 5 inches longer than the previous ones. The engine of the 2003 Corolla was improved to all-aluminum 1.8-liter, DOHC, 16-valve engine. In the previous years, Corolla was appraised at 130 hp. The five-speed manual transmission's shifter was exact, while the four-speed automatic was smooth and supportive.
Tenth Generation (2009-2012)
The introduction of the tenth-generation Toyota Corolla in 2009 offered transformative changes from its former models. However the 2009 Corolla was practically the same size just its included width gave some more room.
In the engine, the 1.8-liter four-chamber engine got a support in horsepower up to 132. A five-speed manual was standard, while optionally a four-speed automatic was available.
Tragically, in the last couple of generations, the Corolla appeared to make a couple strides back as far as it interior quality.
From in the driver's seat, the Corolla was unremarkable. It has a cozy, calm ride, however gave little certainty in the driver's seat. While the tenth-generation Toyota Corolla kept its status as one of the world's top rated car.
Eleventh Generation (2013- Till Present)
The eleventh generation of the Corolla was introduced in May 2012. The sedan is named the Corolla Axio while the wagon is called the Corolla Fielder. The redesigned model has slightly smaller exterior dimensions and is easier to drive in narrow alleys and parking lots.
The new Corolla Axio comes with either a 1.3-liter 1NR-FE or 1.5-liter 1NZ-FE four cylinder engines; front or all-wheel drive. Both 5-speed manual and automatic transmissions are available. The 1.3-liter engine and all-wheel drive version are available only with the automatic transmission.
The Corolla Fielder is available with 1.5-liter 1NZ-FE or 1.8-liter 2ZR-FAE four cylinder engines with a automatic transmission.