Cultism in Nigerian Schools; Effects and Possible Solutions
A secret cult can be defined as an organization of which people come together to pledge their allegiances, under an oath and have a social bond of commitment and dedication for the good of the organization. Their activities are kept secret- thus the name “secret cult”, and kept away from other members of the society or non-members of the group. Secret cults carry out their meetings when people are not aware of, especially during the odd-hours and far away from residencies. This act is cultism and someone who practices it is a cultist.
Secret cults are rampant in schools all over the world. It was known to be at its peak in tertiary institutions but it is no more news that have expanded their territories to secondary and even primary schools. This social vice is eating up the educational and moral standard of students. Innocent ones are being lured into the vice and other social vices such as drug abuse, armed robbery, murder etc.
Many people or students become members of secret cults because of the thirst for power and authority. This is common among those with the aim of fighting for their rights. In Nigeria schools, the main reason why people become cultist is to fight those who oppress them, the wicked lecturer, school authorities and the opposite cult members. No wonder, the countless cases of murder, blood-shed , revenge in schools with high cultism rate.
Some are found in this group so as to become known, dreaded and wealthy. The cult members are believed to have rich and influential sponsors. Becoming a member serves as a bonus to meet the rich people in the country and also to become rich.
An institution with high cultism rate will always be closed down because of the frequent fights, clashes , unrest and blood-shed. The school authority will be forced to close down the school and students will not have a choice but to flee for their lives and safety. A school can be closed for days, months and even years. Students are prone to spend more years in school
There is an adage that says “when two elephant fight, the grass suffers”. When crisis associated with cultism arises, properties, lives of victims and innocent people will be lost. Cultists are known to be violent, merciless and always high on drugs. When they fight against the school authorities, buildings, structures, equipment and properties may be burnt or destroyed.
Frequent closure of schools, damages of properties, loss of lives and all other consequences associated with cultism result to the fall in education standard in Nigeria. Parents will find it hard to send their wards to such schools; good and experienced lecturers will prefer to be transferred to another school where there safety will be secured.
Students will always be in fear in schools with this menace. They will not be totally focused on their studies as they will not have peace of mind. Students will always be cautioned and will restrict their movement so as not to fall victims of rape, assaults and death.
Parents should enforce discipline on their children. They adopt good parenting styles, have time for their children, visit them at schools and monitor their children. Also, parents should live exemplary lives and desists from secret organizations. School authorities should have high discipline and ensure total eradication of all form of social vices.
Schools, religious houses, Parents, Students, government, non-governmental organization and the society as a whole should wage against cultism through seminars, workshops, campaigns and talks. The dangers associated with it should be preached to the students.